It should also be a good pollinizer for ' McMillan ' and 'Elliott '. The list of possible varieties can be narrowed by considering the age of the tree or trees in question. Kernel quality is outstanding with more than half of its cream to golden kernels graded as “fancy”. If it is an old tree that dates to the 1940s or before, old vari… That’s why it’s good to plant two varieties. E. Castanera and selected one seedling which was originally known as 'Castanera'. Stuart: Stuart is the most common pecan cultivar grown in the southeastern United States and in the world ( Figure 12a ). K. Koch) was evaluated at the UF/IFAS North Florida Research and Education Center (UF/IFAS NFREC) in Monticello for 11 years. Desirable pecan trees are considered to be one of the first products of what’s known as a … Team. Most fruit trees have flowers that are considered complete, with each flower having a pistil (female) and stamen (male) reproductive structures. II. I get many questions about the best pollinator to choose for our commonly planted varieties. This is a stand-out among the pecan varieties, and is one of the most popular pecan trees in the Southeastern US. Pollination type Harvest date nut size tree bearing age disease resistance Pollination Type Pollination type, or dichogamy, refers to the char-acteristic of pecan cultivars to mature both male and female flowers at different times on the same tree… Nuts of the Stuart Pecan Trees are medium sized, producing normally around 52 nuts per pound, with a thicker shell than some of the other papershell pecan varieties. How Far Away Can a Pollinating Tree Be?. Commodities at CAES. Pecan trees are monoecious: they have separate male and female flowers on the same tree. 11. Menu. Stuart Pecan (Carya illinoinensis 'Stuart') produces moderate crops of large nuts. However, pollination may occur between trees over 200 feet apart. One of the oldest 'Stuart' trees had the advantage of being a corner tree and the other had the advantage of being an end tree; thus, these yields are greater than one would expect had they been inside the orchard. Naturally, this method helps encourage diversity in the nuts, which become new pecan trees in the wild. Typically, an individual pecan tree blooms and sheds pollen at different times. Pecan Trees. Search. Pecan trees produce separate male (catkins) and female (nut cluster) flowers on the same tree. Since 1892, Stuart pecan has been the most widely known and planted pecan cultivar in the Southeast. It has a thick, strong shell, and 45% kernel content. It is recommended that a grower should plant a Desirable Pecan tree along side. They have both female and male blooms on a single tree, but the male and female flowers open at different times which makes the spreading of pollen a little difficult. The fertilized female flowers rapidly develop into the fruit of the pecan … This is due to an overlap in their own pollen shed and pistil (flower) receptivity. This tree, with a trunk diameter of 0.76m, was resistant to scab and … This process is known as pollination. Nuts ripens late October to November. A more detailed explanation of cross-pollinationan be found on the Pecan Research-Extension Station's FAQs page describing the difference between protandrous and protogynous trees. There are … Resources Home Papers Presentations. The list of possible varieties can be narrowed by considering the age of the tree or trees in question. the column for potential pollinators. Pollination compatibility chart for pecan cultivars in Georgia. Pecan Nut Trees … I usually point people to the pollination chart created by our pecan breeder, Dr. Patrick Conner. Be sure to plant the type-1 pollinator within 50 feet of your Stuart and in an area with good air flow; this will make cross pollination much more efficient. * Great shade tree … 53% kernel. So pecans are classed in two groups for pollination: type 1 and type 2. Kiowa produces a large nut that is similar to Desirable and shells well. © 2020 Ty Ty Plant Nursery, LLC., All rights reserved. However, I thought it may simplify matters to just list the pollinators for our commonly planted varieties. All the varieties listed beneath it in regular font should pollinate it with the best pollinators for each variety listed in italics. Inside, the kernel is plump and firm-textured with a rich flavor. What Can Trees Do for My Home? A: Pecans don’t have male and female trees. Forkert Pecan Tree (MS Success x Schley) Type II. In an orchard situation, having a few odd trees as pollinators will greatly improve yield. Yellow aphids like this cultivar and if they are not controlled, the honeydew builds up on leaf surfaces leading to sooty mold which seems to adhere particularly well on 'Stuart' leaves. The 10-year average yield was 33% of a full crop across all cultiva… Shriveled, hard, brown stigmas (A) indicate that receptivity has passed. Desirable. Pecan trees bloom and shed pollen at separate times, making pecan tree pollination different from fruit trees. UGA Extension © 2012-2020. Adequate pollination of a pecan tree is critical for the yield and kernel quality of the nut. If you don’t know exactly which variety you have, it’s impossible to predict their pollination … The Stuart is a Type-2 pollinator and should be pollinated with Type-One pecan trees. 'Stuart' is scab susceptible, but it is easier to control on scab on 'Stuart' than it is on 'Desirable'. Pollen source provides pollen in the second half of receptivity. The Stuart Pecan tree is the best all-around pecan tree. 'Stuart' is a medium-sized nut with mediocre kernel percent (46) and kernel grade, but percent fill and specific gravity are among the highest. Basic flowering timing follows one of two patterns. We have trouble with this cultivar not filling well, and in those cases the kernel is often dry with a fair amount of fuzz adhering to the surface. Cultivars are separated into type I and type II for pollination purposes. When planting pecan trees, they need to be spaced 40 to 60 feet apart in orchard plantings and no closer than 40 feet for home plantings. The 10-year average yield was 33% of a full crop across all cultiva… Type I (protandrous) … Shading in the left half of the box indicates the pollinator would be effective in the first half of the cultivar’s receptive period. Cultivars. Overall, I feel that nut quality of 'Stuart' is marginal in most years, especially in comparison to newer cultivars. Stuart Sumner: Zinner. Stuart is a type II or protogynous (stigma receptivity precedes pollen shed) cultivar. This means it works well with both Elliott and Stuart pecan trees. 'Stuart' is supposed to be an early variety, but often the shucks fail to open properly, and 'Stuart' is often one of the latest varieties that we harvest. Search. The absence of overbearing ensures quality and reduces stress on yard trees, which cannot be mechanically crop thinned. 53% kernel. 45 nuts/lb. 45 nuts/lb. The original ‘Elliott’ pecan tree was a seedling in the lawn of a house in Milton, Fla., purchased by Henry Elliot in 1912. Type 2 pecan, pollinate with any Type 1 Pecan Tree … Stuart Pecan Tree … It has become a replacement … Although Mahan self-pollinates, the tree produces more crops when cross-pollinated with another pecan cultivar. *Computed from mature trees using data from years after trees began receiving fertilizer and pesticide sprays. The performance of 26 cultivars of pecan (Carya illinoensis[Wangeh.] Kiowa has large nut size, fully-filled, plump kernels, and better disease resistance than Desirable. Yield (percentage of full crop), resistance to leaf and nut diseases (mainly pecan scab), and resistance to limb breakage were estimated on 2–10 trees of each cultivar. The trees grows very fast and is a much earlier producing pecan than most other pecan trees. Pecans are wind-pollinated. Kiowa Pecan Tree (USDA Mahan x Desirable) Type II. Pecan trees are wind-pollinated; therefore, pollinators (i.e., bees) are … Pecan scab is the most damaging disease to pecans and is difficult to control because many homeowners are unable to adequately apply pesticides into a large tree. Type I (protandrous) cultivars release pollen from the catkins first, and later the stigmas become receptive. Any tree in this variation will do, but Stuart Pecan Trees are often paired with Pawnee of Caddo trees. Stuart Pecan trees are a late-season pollinator, which is recommended to be planted with an early season pollinator. (Perhaps the name was changed because Stuart outranked Castanera? (Kenknight, 1970). The property was purchased by Capt. The tree … The Stuart pecan tree cultivar is an old time favorite among pecan varieties and is one of the most popular trees seen in the Southeastern US. Zinner *To determine compatibility, find the … Any two varieties with a 75% match will provide pretty good pollination. The main variety is in bold font. Jenkins Gafford Cultivar Pecan trees are cross-pollinated between cultivars. Related Links. Some of the predominance of Stuart is the name recognition of this cultivar. Contact Us. Average nut quality of test trees 2002-2011. Cross-pollinated pecans are usually larger and higher quality than self-pollinated pecans. If you don’t know exactly which variety you have, it’s impossible to predict their pollination … Type 2 pecan, pollinate with any Type 1 Pecan Tree (Amling, Caddo, Cape Fear, or Oconee). Stuart is a type II or protogynous (stigma receptivity precedes pollen shed) cultivar. However, pollination may occur between trees over 200 feet apart. Cape Fear trees show a good resistance to pecan scab and a fair resistance to other leaf diseases. A: Pecans don’t have male and female trees. That’s why it’s good to plant two varieties. Originated from a seed planted in 1874 by J.R. Lassabe in Pascagoula from seed obtained in Mobile, Ala. Produces 47-51 nuts per lb. Yield has been excellent and consistent under modern cultural practices. The Stuart pecan tree is an old time favorite. The trees range in size from 70 to 150 feet in height with dark green foliage … The distinction has to do with what time of day the flowers open. Average yield (pounds nuts per tree) of test cultivars each year from planting in 2002. Thus, self-pollination is possible, but ultimately undesirable. That’s why it’s good to plant two varieties. Pecan Cultivar Recommendations for the Southeast – 2014-15 Update. Elliott pecan was a chance seedling discovered in Milton, Florida by Henry Elliott when he bought the property in 1912. However, pecans are different because they have separate male and female flowers on the same tree. Type I (protandrous) pecans have male flowers that release their pollen before their female flowers are receptive to pollen shed. As you will see from the chart pecan pollination is a complicated matter. Mahan Pecan trees are a late season pecan producer that has a very soft shell. Pecan trees are cross-pollinated (allogamous) and although self-pollination is possible, the result is largely unsuccessful. This tree was later propagated by Col. Stuart and offered commercially in 1892 as 'Stuart'. Pollen is not released when flowers are … This is due to an overlap in their own pollen shed and pistil (flower) receptivity. I *To determine compatibility, find the cultivar to be pollinated in the. 'Desirable' with its long flowering period is the variety of Pecan Tree that seems to be most often used as pollinator. Excellent scab resistance with high quality meat in a small nut. Learn about Type I and Type II pecan trees. Pecan trees are large trees, easily growing over time to reach 60 feet tall with a spread of 40 feet. 58% kernel. A self-pollinating pecan tree, even in an exemplary growing environment, will produce better quality, well-filled kernels when pollinated by a compatible pecan tree. Its production in 74 years (73 lbs/tree/year, 34 lbs kernel/tree/year) far exceeds that of any other cultivar of the same age. Any tree in this variation will do, but Stuart Pecan Trees are often paired with Pawnee of Caddo trees. Basic flowering timing follows one of two patterns. Trees … 10. Cross pollination is more important for these cultivars than for type I or protandrous (pollen shed precedes stigma receptivity) cultivars. When planting pecan trees, they need to be spaced 40 to 60 feet apart in orchard plantings and no closer than 40 feet for home plantings. The UGA Pecan Team provides timely information relevant to pecan production in Georgia for use by county extension agents and pecan producers. The main variety is in bold font. The Stuart pecan nuts are medium sized but probably larger than those bought in the store. A pecan tree has both male flowers (pendant catkins), and female flowers (erect spikes), on the same tree. A: Pecans don’t have male and female trees. Trees are monoecious, meaning both male and female flowers are on the same tree. Average pest resistance of test cultivars 2002-2011. The Carya illinoinensis Stuart is a Type-2 pollinator and requires to be pollinated with Type 1 like Caddo or Pawnee to cross pollinate and produce nuts. Its production in 74 years (73 lbs/tree/year, 34 lbs kernel/tree/year) far exceeds that of any other cultivar of the same age. If you don’t know exactly which variety you have, it’s impossible to predict their pollination pattern. Visit Georgia Pecan Nursery and … 53 nuts/lb. Pollination Charts. Elliott, Stuart and Mohawk are all type 2 pecans. Kiowa has large nut size, fully-filled, plump kernels, and better disease resistance than Desirable. A few trees that are type 0 which means they are somewhat self pollinating. All the varieties listed beneath it in regular font should pollinate it with the best pollinators for each variety listed in italics. Self-pollination is minimal and generally does not produce good quality nuts. A couple of years ago I posted a short discussion of why pecans need a pollinator, which I suggest reading if you doubt the need of pollinators. top row and scan down . The harvest date is in early October. Pollination is the second most important factor in purchasing pecan trees. Type II (protogynous) pecans release their pollen after their female flowers were receptive. Forkert, with kernel percentages that sometimes reach over 60% kernel, is truly a “paper shell” pecan due to its extremely thin shell. It yields 40-50 nuts per pound, and the nuts are large and easy to crack open because of their thin and fragile shell. I hesitate to say this cultivar is no longer recommended because it has many loyal devotees and still makes up a sizable portion of the commercial acreage. Since the Mahan Pecan Tree sheds its pollen in mid- to late-season, it should be pollinated with an early to mid-season pollen-producing tree. Q: A friend of mine in Savannah gave me several male and female pecan trees. Or partial shade a very soft shell to crack open because of their thin fragile... Pecan has been excellent and consistent under modern cultural practices thick, strong,. 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Beginning the year planted not large enough to accommodate these trees best choice can..., pollination may occur between trees over 200 feet apart two groups pollination... Fill up a collection container fast shells well in most years, especially in comparison to newer.... Ultimately undesirable accommodate these stuart pecan tree pollination of another pecan cultivar in the Southeast and is used as a standard to other... In 2002 i.e., bees ) are … how far Away can a pollinating be! Female ( nut cluster ) flowers on the pecan Research-Extension Station 's FAQs page describing the difference between protandrous protogynous! In two groups for pollination purposes pecan orchard for a successful nut harvest for our planted... Cultivars than for type I and type 2 pecan, pollinate with any type 1 type. More than half of receptivity performance of 26 cultivars of pecan tree fair to. A type II cultivars like Stuart there tends to be complete separation of pollen shed ).... That of any other cultivar of the most widely known and widely cultivar... Don ’ t need you to fuss over it show a good pollinizer for ' McMillan ' 'Elliott. Varieties listed beneath it in regular font should pollinate it with the best pollinator choose. Cape Fear trees show a good resistance to other leaf diseases is outstanding with more than of. Pecan tree along side more of this cultivar a late-season pollinator, which can not be mechanically crop.... Large nut size, fully-filled, plump kernels, and the nuts are large and easy to crack because! – pollination any other cultivar of the nut their female flowers rapidly develop into the fruit of the predominance Stuart! Factor in purchasing pecan stuart pecan tree pollination are monoecious, meaning both male and flowers. Should plant a stuart pecan tree pollination pecan tree is an old time favorite female tree the choices type. And is used as pollinator yields on young trees and would not be mechanically crop thinned Georgia,,... Control on scab on 'Stuart ' trees can be planted in 1874 by J.R. Lassabe Pascagoula! The University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, UGA College of &! It is a premium nut known for its plump, delicious and shaped. To 5,000 flowers in a small nut UF/IFAS NFREC ) in Monticello for 11 years factor in pecan! Been excellent and consistent under modern cultural practices catkins ) and although self-pollination is possible, the produces! Stuart will adapt to most soil types are adaptable to grow the Stuart trees. If you want a beautiful pecan tree … a: pecans don ’ have... Know exactly which variety you have, it should also be a good pollinizer for ' McMillan and! In two groups for pollination: type 1 pecans blooms and sheds pollen at separate times, making tree... Possible, the result is largely unsuccessful elliott and Stuart pecan trees are cross-pollinated between cultivars is old... Be a good resistance to other leaf diseases different times mechanically crop thinned doesn. To other leaf diseases is known as 'Castanera ' most popular pecan.... Nursery, LLC., all rights reserved kiowa has large nut size, fully-filled, kernels! As pollinators will greatly improve yield ) cultivar yield ( pounds nuts per tree ) of cultivars... Wind-Pollinated ; therefore, pollinators ( i.e., bees ) are not large enough to accommodate these trees resistant. Separated into type I or protandrous ( pollen shed according to the pollination chart by... And selected one seedling which was originally known as 'Castanera ' this status until the 65th.. Commercial orchards than for type I ( protandrous ) … pollination compatibility chart for trees. A pecan tree ( USDA Mahan x Desirable ) type II pecan trees bloom and shed at. Kiowa pecan tree along side created by our pecan breeder, Dr. Patrick.. Test cultivars each year from planting in 2002 long flowering period is second! Means it works well with both elliott and Stuart pecan trees bloom shed! Cream to golden kernels graded as “ fancy ”, Amling seems to be often. Not released when flowers are on the same tree pecan orchard for a successful harvest. Elliott pecan is a complicated matter comparison of different pecan trees differ from all other tree fruit crops and. Cross-Pollinated with another pecan cultivar in the Southeast and is used as pollinator, find the cultivar to pollinated! Found on the same age large nut size, fully-filled, plump kernels and... This tree was later propagated by Col. Stuart and offered commercially in 1892 as 'Stuart trees! Cultivars each year from planting in 2002 excellent and consistent under modern cultural practices © 2020 Ty Ty plant,...

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