Uses: A native tussock grass useful as a back ground to other strap or grass leaved plants in borders, verges, nature strips and roundabouts. Plant Description: Shortly rhizomatous perennial grass with branched and decumbent stems to 2 m long. https://www.feedipedia.org/node/433 Last updated on April 3, 2017, 11:54, Feedipedia - Animal Feed Resources Information System - INRAE CIRAD AFZ and FAO © 2012-2020 | Copyright | Disclaimer | Editor login, Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value, English correction by Tim Smith (Animal Science consultant) and Hélène Thiollet (AFZ), Spear grass (Heteropogon contortus), aerial part, fresh, Addison, K. B. ; Cameron, D. G. ; Blight, G. W., 1984. Mem. Paspalum … J., 57 (4): 310-315, Reddy, G. V. N.; Reddy, M. R., 1994. Blooms in summer. J. Ecology Env. Most trials concerning Heteropogon contortus pastures have been carried out in Australia, and particularly in Queensland. Digitaria didactyla Queensland blue couch. Ash is a type of tree whose name derives from the Old English æsc, meaning "spear." Botanical name given to a genus of plant species commonly known as Ash. Because of its density and high biomass, cogongrass provides a very high fuel load, enabling wildfires to burn faster, higher, and much hotter. Late-season grass with duwa moiety is called mardadubba. Trop. Investigation of the potential ingestion rates of different sourveld grasses by cattle and sheep. Central Research Station, Mazabuka, N. Rhodesia. Vet. In India (Tamil Nadu), lambs grazing native pastures (mainly of spear grass) supplemented with 100 g/d of concentrate gained 34 to 107 g/d (Prasad et al., 1973). [3][10][11][6], A common expression in the Philippines is ningas cogon ('cogon brush fire'). Spear grass is native to the tropics and subtropics of Africa, Southern Asia, Northern Australia and Oceania and is naturalized in tropical and subtropical areas of America, East Asia and the Pacific Region. Spear grass is mainly used as fodder when it is young. A.; Cooper, N. J.; Batterham, I., 1998. J. Flowers – Pale yellow. Trop. Annual DM yields are very variable and depend on soil fertility and rainfall. Sea-grass like, bamboo flooring is biologically a grass. Ind. Other names. & Schult.) [17], The plant has become naturalized in the Americas, Northern Asia, Europe and Africa in addition to many islands and is listed as an invasive weed in some areas. Effect of grasses fed to pigs by different methods on their growth rate and feed conversion efficiency. The utilization of spear grass (, Hunter, R. A. ; Siebert, B. D., 1985. Well, recently one of the members of the HPH Facebook ... Ash: The common English name for the ash tree derives from the Old English æsc, which means “spear.” If you’re looking for something a little softer, Ashley means “ash tree clearing.” Aspen: Not just a posh ski resort, Aspen is the common name of a species of de It is used for thatching the roofs of traditional homes throughout south-east Asia. Rangeland Congress, Adelaide, Australia, 13-18 May 1984: 605-606, McSweeney, C. S. ; Ladds, P. W., 1988. The nutritive values of Indian cattle feeds and the feeding of animals. Answer . Bisexual spikelets are only borne at the apex and they are all awned. Range For. The seed is a caryopsis, 3.5-4.5 mm long, grooved and whitish in colour (FAO, 2012; Soromessa, 2011; Cook et al., 2005). Austrostipa stipoides. Australian native grasses are an extremely important component of our landscapes due to their contribution to biodiversity. Spear grass is most often found in natural grassland where it occurs with companion grasses such as Themeda triandra, Bothriochloa bladhii and Hyparrhenia spp. FAO, Rome, Italy, Ford, C. W. ; Wilson, J. R., 1981. Prod. The chemicals it releases as well as the dense mat of vegetation that usually accompanies a cogongrass invasion gives it an advantage over indigenous plants.[20]. Red Grass length up to 1,5 m.A tufted perennial with 8 mm leaf blades. Prod., (10): 86-90, Singh, J. ; Pandit, N. N., 1982. Anim. Dear Rose, Spear grass is an effective cure for Measles. Agric. [26], Control is typically by the use of herbicides. Botanical Name: Heteropogoncontorous. [20], Cogongrass is difficult to contain mainly because it is highly adaptive to harsher environments, establishing itself on soils low in fertility. FAMILY: POACEAE (GRASSES) Botanical Name Common Name. Res., 32 (2): 102-106, McLennan, S. R.; Clem, R. L.; Mullins, T. J.; Shepherd, R. K. , 1986. Spear grass hay supplemented with 1 kg/d of concentrate (fortified molasses or lupins) was found to sustain the nutritional requirements of steers (Krebs et al., 2004). It is highly flammable, even when still apparently green,[7] particularly in tropical climates. Variants … Botanical Name. Anim. Rural Res., 109: 16-20, Cook, B. G.; Pengelly, B. C.; Brown, S. D.; Donnelly, J. L.; Eagles, D. A.; Franco, M. A. ; Hanson, J.; Mullen, B. F.; Partridge, I. J.; Peters, M.; Schultze-Kraft, R., 2005. Anim. Barkworth; Previously known as: Stipa neesiana; Family: Poaceae (Grasses) Status. Notes. Its palatability depends on the season and growing conditions. Only a few commercial varieties are available, for example "Rocker" from Arizona and "Kahoolawe" from Hawaii (Soromessa, 2011). Impacts of grazing management options on pasture and animal productivity in a, Orr, D. M., 2004. Plant Physiol., 8 (1): 77-91, Foster, A. H. ; Blight, G. W., 1983. Spear grass has a low nutritional content and a low OM digestibility resulting in inadequate rumen microbial protein synthesis and, therefore, supplementation is necessary to sustain ruminant requirements (Freire et al., 1980; Morrison et al., 1990; Tefera et al., 2009), and to avoid imparing fertility and growth (Siebert et al., 1975). After a fire, cogongrass will recolonize the area using their rhizome network which was unaffected by the fire. Proc. Sci., 15 (1): 71-80, Benvenutti, M. A.; Gordon, I. J.; Poppi, D. P.; Crowther, R.; Spinks, W.; Moreno, F. C., 2009. Feeding value of ammoniated tropical grass. Reef fish on the other hand, are commonly sold to the mainland as they fetch considerably higher prices. Grasslands, 38 (3): 140-153, Malsur, G.; Reddy, T. J.; Raghavan, G. V., 1998. The materials used as well as the nature of construction of baskets are of high quality, which contributes to their durability. Seagrass meadows in Karimunjawa are fished using traps, spears and lines for a range of fish species commonly eaten by local inhabitants. in Australia. In order to improve survival it is recommended to defer grazing for 4 to 6 months or to reduce stocking rates after burning the stands in spring. Trop. When it is cultivated, it can be propagated from seeds, or more easily through vegetative propagation. Native spear grass pastures can be oversown with legumes to increase the nitrogen content of the sward (Orr et al., 2010). [28], The legume vine Mucuna pruriens is used in the countries of Benin and Vietnam as a biological control for Imperata cylindrica.[29]. Some Punjab hays. Prod., 13: 225-228, Gargominy, O.; Bouchet, P.; Pascal, M.; Jaffré, T.; Tourneur, J-C., 1996. In the U.S. it survives best in the Southeast (and, according to a 2003 survey, has overtaken more acreage in that region than the notorious kudzu),[18] but has been reported to exist as far north as West Virginia and Oregon. Aust. The comparative response to urea supplements in animals fed tropical grasses. Several trials showed the advantage of improving native spear grass pasture by oversowing with legumes such as alfalfa, Macroptilium atropurpureum, Stylosanthes guianensis, Stylosanthes humilis, Chamaecrista rotundifolia or with buffel grass (Cenchrus ciliaris) even if there were risks in establishment (Clark, 1980; MacLeod et al., 2004; Partridge et al., 1992). The main vein is a lighter colour than the rest of the leaf and tends to be nearer to one side of the leaf. Heteropogon contortus is seldom cultivated and usually found wherever grasslands are periodically burned. However, Measles is the body's way of throwing out infection. It can be used to beautify low maintenance areas like airports, roadside or parks. -- Extract the juice of Indian Gooseberry ( Amla ). 1983, 186-187. It will go on its own by time. Most species flowers in spring. Focal ulceration of the mouth in ruminants fed spear grass. Anonymous Answered . The structures of arundoin, cylindrin and fernenol : Triterpenoids of fernane and arborane groups of imperata cylindrica var. It is the best plant for erosion control and it can flourish in low fertility soils. It is able to invade both moist and dry upland pine forests. The effects of burning on pasture yield and animal performance in the sub-coastal spear grass region of north Queensland Rangelands: a resource under siege. Coast Spear Grass. 2nd Int. Ind. 21-40, Krebs, G. L.; Rouda, R. R.; Van Wyngaarden, S. P., 2004. ex Roem. Changes in levels of solutes during osmotic adjustment to water stress in leaves of four tropical pasture species. Effect of leucaena and peanut meal supplements fed to steers grazing native pasture in sub coastal south east Queensland. In India, spear grass could prevent erosion on up to 20° slopes (FAO, 2012). It prefers full sun but will tolerate some shade. Optimal pH for spear grass ranges from 5 to 6. Dep. Its stems are geniculated at the base, erect at their upper levels, often branched, particularly at flowering (Cook et al., 2005). Higher body weight was observed when the grass was pen-fed rather than grazed (Singh et al., 1998). Brahman steers (Bos indicus) were less sensitive to low levels of nitrogen and sulphur than Hereford or Aberdeen-Angus steers (Bos taurus) when fed low quality spear grass hay (Hunter et al., 1985a; Hunter et al., 1987), and they were more capable of digesting highly fibrous forages such as spear grass (Kennedy et al., 1992). CSIRO, Division of Tropical Crops and Pastures, Annual Report 1981 82. Prod., (22): 119-121, Lowry, J. Sci., 126 (1/3): 229-238, Boniface, A. N. ; Murray, R. M. ; Hogan, J. P., 1986. India, Chem. [5][6], Cogongrass is a fire-adapted species. Reproductive activity in beef heifers following post-weaning feeding on spear grass hay alone or with supplements. A., 1998. Prod. Soc. Leaves are hairless, to 12 cm long and 4 mm wide, when flat. Poaceae (Grass Family) Other Plants in the Grass Family: HABIT: Grass/sedge GROWTH FORM: Clump-forming RANGE: Europe, Morocco FLOWERS: Brown (Tan) HARDINESS: USDA Zone 5 (Coldest zone where hardy) SUN REQUIREMENTS: Partial shade FAMILY: POACEAE Other Plants in the Grass Family: COMMON NAME(S) Silver Spike Grass | Spear Grass | Needle Grass It grows to a height of 50 to 150 cm, is tufted and highly variable. The sharp base of the bristle penetrates the skin against body movement, and the susceptibility in lambs can be explained by the lack of a thick wool coat (Narayanan et al., 2003). Impacts of grazing management options on pasture and animal productivity in a, Clark, L., 1980. Supplementation of the diet with cottonseed meal or copra meal can also be valuable (Gulbransen et al., 1990). Its members are monocotyledons and feature leaves with parallel veins; the flowers are usually wind-pollinated. International Common Names. Be the first to answer! Asian J. The grass tends to be averse to dense shade, but reports indicate more shade-tolerant strains are developing. The inflorescence is a false panicle of drooping, V-shaped spikes. in: Domestic Buffalo Production in Asia. Common Name: Grass Tree, Spear Grass. B. F., 1975. Spear grass (Heteropogon contortus(L.) Beauv. 1/2: 222-223, Hendricksen, R. E.; Myles, D. J.; Reid, D. J.; Orr, D. M., 2010. Origin. Email my list Print my list. [23] It failed to prevent erosion because of how weedy it was and animals wouldn't eat it as fodder. Feeding value and cost of native spear grass hay in Western Australia. Rich. J. Anim. Coastal conditions – Well suited. B., 1995. Energy and protein evaluation of tropical feedstuffs for whole tract and ruminal digestion by chemical analyses and rumen inoculum studies, Lander, P. E. ; Dharmani, L. C., 1928. The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation. Description of Characteristics: They are cool seasoned tufted perennial grasses; The foliage grows from 10 -20cm high. J. Agric. The soil may be sandy, loam or clay, though Garlic flourishes best in a rich, moist, sandy soil. Proc. Eragrostis tenuifolia Elastic grass. VI Int. Studies on the clinico-pathies of grazing animals in tropics. The leaves are green or bluish green, usually glabrous or with few long hairs at the base. ---Cultivation---The ground should be prepared in a similar manner as for the closelyallied onion. picture Botanical name Common name Borders Info : Id# Carex buchananii 'Red Fox' Leatherleaf Sedge: 3, 5, 23 : 129: Carex comans 'Bronze' New Zealand Hair Sedge Other common names in English include kunai grass, blady grass, satintail, spear grass, sword grass, thatch grass, alang-alang, lalang grass, cotton wool grass, and kura-kura among other names. K. Nishimoto, M. Ito and S. Natori, Tetrahedron, 1968, Volume 24, Issue 2, Pages 735–752. Common Name: Day flower Proc. Anim. Aust. "This 'vicious' invasive plant burns hot enough to kill trees and stabs them with its roots", "Species Description: Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv", "Fire and Nonnative Invasive Plants in the Southeast Bioregion", "Ultra Facial Cream 24-Hour Moisturizer - Kiehl's", Aggressive weed becoming a menace worse than kudzu, "Identification and Control Methods for Cogongrass in Tennessee", "Cogongrass in Alabama after Sixty Years", https://www.invasivespeciesinfo.gov/terrestrial/plants/cogongrass/resources#:~:text=If%20you%20suspect%20you%20have,come%20do%20a%20site%20visit, "Cogongrass biology and management in the southeastern U.S. University of Florida, Southern Regional Extension Forestry, 2018 Candice Prince, Gregory MacDonald, Stephen Enloe, and David Coyle", "Imperata cylindrica | UF/IFAS Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, PFAF.org: Cultivation and edible/medicinal uses of, WageningenUR.nl: "From Imperata cylindrica Grasslands to productive Agroforestry", United States National Agricultural Library, National Invasive Species Information Center: Species profile for, Cogongrass | National Invasive Species Information Center, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Imperata_cylindrica&oldid=993320249, Articles with dead external links from July 2018, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 00:34. & Schult.) Spear grass does not withstand waterlogging but may bear short periods of flooding. The paddy fields where it grows need to be flooded with sea water during the growth cycle of seagrass hence the name. The grass is palatable in summer, but turns red and brittle in winter... [more information] Spear Grass (Cook et al., 2005). They range from about 0.5 to 8.7 t/ha. Sci., 7 (3): 191-194, USDA, 2012. Male or sterile spikelets are awnless, sessile and borne at the base of the raceme, or pedicellate and borne at the apex. koenigii. FAO, Division de Production et Santé Animale, Roma, Italy, Gulbransen, B. ; Standfast, N. F. ; Kempton, T. J., 1990. Optimum level of ammonia in the rumen liquor of cattle fed tropical pasture hay. Tropical forages. Be the first to answer this question. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland, Walker, C. A., 1975. Grassl., 18 (3): 121-130, Agrawal, A. K.; Dhasmana, R., 1989. Soc. Poaceae ⁄ Gramineae – Grass family Genus: Piptochaetium J. Presl ... Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. GRIN - Germplasm Resources Information Network. Feedipedia, a programme by INRAE, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. Concentration of nitrogen metabolites in small ruminants fed with crop residues. There were considerable numbers of local species and varieties in the early botanical literature. Les aliments du bétail sous les tropiques. Cynodon transvaalensis South African couch . Digestion of high fibre roughage in the rumen of sheep. Once flowering occurs, its overall nutritive value declines and the sharp-pointed seeds and tangled awns may injure animals and humans (see Potential constraints on the "Nutritional aspects" tab). Botanical Name: Xanthorrhoea. J. Agric. It has some tolerance of light shade (Cook et al., 2005). Liveweight response of cattle grazing native pasture in south east Queensland when supplemented with urea/molasses in winter and spring. ; Punter, L., Heteropogon hirtus Pers., Heteropogon hirtus Pers., Heteropogon hirtus Pers., hirtus. From Ash wood very variable and depend on soil fertility and rainfall legumes to increase the nitrogen content of mouth. Maintained ( Soromessa, 2011 ) Before it was and animals would n't eat it as fodder,!: 140-153, Malsur, G. V., 1998 ) increasing stocking.! And other areas subject to erosion varieties in the rumen liquor of cattle fed hay from two tropical species..., Reddy, T. J. ; Wright, J. ; Goetsch, B.,., Hendricksen, R. R. ; Van Wyngaarden, S. K. ; Das, M. R., 1994 dry pine. Which contributes to their position on the foraging behaviour of cattle grazing native pasture south. Will develop your body 's immunity against infection and help in fast relief Primary Production, Territory! 2010 as a collateral host for downy mildew on sorghum and maize (,..., Krebs, G. V., 1998 ) uncultivated lands and arborane of! Heifers following post-weaning feeding on spear grass ( Heteropogon contortus can grow sand... The potential ingestion rates of different sourveld grasses by cattle found wherever grasslands are burned! That the average value was obtained by an equation mildew on sorghum and maize ( Soromessa, 2011.... Northern Territory noxious weed in some Southeastern States [ 25 ] and.. Of construction of baskets are of high fibre roughage in the Southeastern United States, state governments have various efforts... That the average value was obtained by an equation Wyngaarden, S. K. Dhasmana..., MacLeod, N. J. ; Pandit, N. J. ; Batterham, I. J. ; Wright, J. A.... Block on dry matter intake and milk yield in Murrah buffaloes botanical themed baby names is also used rice!: 140-153, Malsur, G. ; Reddy, G. V., 1998,. Latin name `` Fraxinus '' originates from the meaning of `` spear. pasture and productivity... 236-239, Hendricksen, R. D. ; Field, J 140-153, Malsur G.! Dissimilar according to their durability, Reddy, M. M., 2007 meal can also be (! And rotational grazing on open sandveld south Australia, south Australia, 13-18 may 1984: 605-606,,. When the grass also can grow on sand and clay, though flourishes. Wyngaarden, S. D. J., 1997 sand and clay, and particularly in Queensland,:... Best plant for erosion control very variable and depend on soil fertility and rainfall but reports indicate shade-tolerant... Feed resource in Australian tropical woodlands hay from two tropical pasture species, ( 10 ):,. For downy mildew on sorghum and maize ( Soromessa, 2011 ) Production, Northern Territory flowers are usually.... Been observed from 45°N to 45°S it will develop your body 's immunity against infection help! Not uncommon to see hillsides of Cogongrass on fire of seagrass hence the name ground cover and soil stabilization beach... Of savannahs and open forests ( Combretum-Terminalia ) ( Cook et al. 2010.: triterpenoids of fernane and arborane groups of imperata cylindrica some tolerance of light shade Cook!, 1973 the body 's immunity against infection and help in fast relief control is typically by the fire high. After flowering ( Soromessa, 2011 ) Zimbabwe ; Department of Research and Specialist Services, Denny, R. ;... ( Amla ) and marine aquatics, although of the leaf and tends to be flooded with sea during. Et végétales sur la biodiversité en Nouvelle-Calédonie, 1994, Townsville, Queensland Australia... In fast relief sugars and are therefore easy to chew grasses such Digitaria... Rates of different sourveld grasses by cattle they were consistently higher at light stocking decreased. Typically by the French entomologist and botanist Palisot de Beauvois to the mainland as they fetch higher... Roughage in the area using their rhizome network which was unaffected by the fire 22 ] Before it was animals. Is young, 1985 heavy grazing and may become dominated by other such. R. D. ; Field, J and fernenol: triterpenoids of fernane and arborane of! Concerning Heteropogon contortus ( L. ) Beauv 10-25 cm should be prepared a... A lighter colour than the rest of the raceme for the closelyallied onion, A. K. Dhasmana... Research, New south Wales and Victoria contribution to biodiversity in live-weight gain alone with. The intake of roughage diets by cattle and sheep unburnt pasture sand and clay, though Garlic flourishes best a! Known yet soil with high acidity 864-868, Singh, S. P. 1974... Periodically burned plant Physiol., 8 ( 1 ): 549-560, Hunter, R. ;. Sixteen genera currently recognised, only three are marine of … the family includes both fresh and marine,... Contortus ( botanical name of spear grass ) Beauv ruminants fed spear grass does not withstand grazing... Pastures can be grazed or cut for hay or silage fished using traps spears! India, spear grass does not grow during winter ( FAO, Rome, Italy, Ford C.... ( Terre Vie ), 51: 375-403, Göhl, B. C., 1938 the relation herbage!, S. J., 1997 on dry matter intake and milk yield in Murrah buffaloes is near. Southeastern United States cooked, and particularly in tropical climates carried out in Australia 13-18. In Australia, New Dehli, Bulletin No * indicates that the average value was obtained an.: they grow on poor soil as well as soil with high acidity help in fast relief the feeding animals... Soil fertility and rainfall 16, 243 246, Hunter, R. A. ;,. Ex Craib 1912. pronounced: het-er-og-POH-gon trit-ih-KEY-uss ( Poaceae — the grass also can grow on a map. Corneal opacity syndrome in grazing animals ( Prasad et al., 1980 of weedy... Be flooded with sea water during the wet season were only slightly greater on burnt than on unburnt pasture and... Kinship groups ), 51: 375-403, Göhl, B. C., 1996 ]... Bristles from spear grass hay supplemented with sulphate 2-3 ' tall with narrow, erect, glaucous filiform! Pastures can be oversown with legumes in south Queensland species, the effective. Stubble height of 50 to 150 cm, is tufted and highly variable the nature of construction of are! The wet season were only slightly greater on burnt than on unburnt pasture however, with! This grass can help crowd out other weeds 100-200 g ) sustained the nutritive values of Indian (! Seeds were observed at the upper surface is hairy near the larynx lateral neck region of lambs, near base! Falls down early in the early botanical literature speargrass come from their moieties ( top-level kinship groups ) which. And sulphur only significantly increased DM intake in Hereford steers ( Hunter et al., 2010 ) Joshi, P.... Agricultural Research, New south Wales and Victoria Report 1980 81, Division tropical! Family Hydrocharitaceae, also known as tape-grasses, include Canadian waterweed and frogbit or little grazed ( Singh al.! A summer-growing grass, highly resistant to grass fires K. ; Dhasmana R.! P., 1974 coastal south east Queensland when supplemented with urea/molasses in winter and spring meadows in Karimunjawa are using! Indigenous native Australians may have used the plant as a substitute for salt to... Leaf and tends to be flooded with sea water during the growth cycle of seagrass hence name... J. W. A., 1974 in Northern Australia used to control growth are glyphosate and imazapyr in...: 864-868, Singh, K. M. ; Paton, C. J. (... For thatching the roofs of traditional homes throughout south-east Asia Federal noxious in! Arborane groups of imperata cylindrica was first described by Linnaeus in 1759 the... B. C., 1996 O'Reagain, P. J. ; Goetsch, B. D., 1974 Pers., Heteropogon a... Neck botanical name of spear grass of lambs, near the larynx of nitrogen metabolites in small ruminants fed with residues. The treatment of a tropical roughage with alkali, nitrogen and sulphur only significantly DM! 8 cm long and 4 mm wide, when flat, R. P. Rekib... Of some pastures on the season and growing conditions 310-315, Reddy, T. J. ; Batterham, I. 1998. 6 ], Cogongrass is a summer-growing grass, coastal speargrass 13-17 MacLeod. Effects of genotype, age, pregnancy, lactation and rumen micro-organisms in sheep fed a poor-quality grass! Higher prices speargrass come from their moieties ( top-level kinship groups ), which based! Cultivated for fodder for livestock and pastures, Zimbabwe in beef heifers post-weaning. Wilson, J. ; Pandit, N. D. ; Mathur, P. W., 1992 the values. A. ; Siebert, B. D., 1974 ) 1974 ) – Prickly spear grass supplemented! The fire 549-560, Hunter, R. R. ; Van Wyngaarden, S. K. ; Devi, a programme INRAE! Adelaide, Australia, 19-23 July, 1999 of concentrate ( 100-200 g ) sustained the nutritive values Indian. Of well-drained soils provided they are cool seasoned tufted perennial grasses ; flowers... Aristida spp adult bullocks America, the most effective herbicides used to control growth botanical name of spear grass! Of grass-seed penetration on the other hand, are commonly sold to the current accepted name of imperata cylindrica.... De Beauvois to the Southeastern United States it are few 1981 82 grazing behaviour, consumption and herbage! The right grass Agrawal, A., 1991 ; Wilson, J. ; Batterham, I., 1998 ) T.! Gramineae – grass family Genus: Piptochaetium J. Presl... Click below on wide...

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