The Government of Canada also met with representatives of sex worker organizations in Ottawa to hear their views on the importance of not conflating human trafficking with consensual adult sex work and the challenges faced with current approaches to law enforcement. AFP . In addition, an offence under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act which targets international cross-border trafficking (s.118) is included. In its response to the report of the Subcommittee on International Human Rights of the Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Development, entitled A Call to Action: Ending the Use of All Forms of Child Labour in Supply Chains, the Government took note of the importance of collaborating with businesses, civil society and provincial and territorial governments to eliminate child labour from global supply chains. While the NAP expired in 2016, Canada has continued with significant efforts to prevent human trafficking, support victims and potential victims, and ensure perpetrators are brought to justice. This emphasizes the need to better inform Canadians on forced labour and sexual exploitation and the need to empower businesses to take action to address forced labour in their supply chains. A 22-year old female entered into a romantic relationship with an individual who would provide drugs to her and her friends. In total, the PACT Project Northern Outreach reached 705 Anishinabek community members from North Shore and Manitoulin Island. “A lot of the focus is on helping survivors which is important. Canada has added this new focus area to enhance supports and services to victims affected by this crime. 24/7 Confidential ; Call: 1-833-900-1010 ; Chat ; About Us. The Government supports anti-human trafficking efforts abroad through the Anti-Crime Capacity Building Program (ACCBP), which has a mandate to enhance the capacity of beneficiary states to prevent and respond to threats posed by international criminal activity. Human trafficking is an abhorrent crime that includes sexual exploitation and forced labour, which devastates the victims and survivors, their families and society. Increasing awareness and building capacity to prevent human trafficking in Canada and abroad, Funded anti-human trafficking initiatives to date include…. New initiatives under the National Strategy will focus on promoting a victim-centric criminal justice system, while building on ongoing efforts to prosecute offenders. Goals of the Canadian Council for Refugees' campaign. Police have identified the "kingpin" in a multi-provincial human trafficking and organized crime investigation, which led to more than 300 charges being laid and 31 people taken into custody. Participants highlighted the importance of: providing trauma-informed supports and services to meet the health and care needs of victims and survivors; increasing engagement with survivors; increasing public awareness and training on human trafficking; and encouraging the private sector and key industries to be more accountable in their role in addressing human trafficking. The trafficker had the victims work in various Canadian cities and held one of the victims at gun point as a means to threaten the victim. Examples provided include Canadian court cases with a conviction for trafficking in persons between 2017 and 2018 as well as a 2019 labour trafficking investigation. In addition, the Government will continue its role abroad as a global leader in the fight against this crime and in the protection of human rights, particularly of women and girls. Through international consultations with foreign governments, non-governmental organizations located abroad and international organizations, Canada has heard that it continues to be looked to internationally to have a significant role in addressing human trafficking, including advocating for increased action and collaboration among global partners and supporting capacity-building activities, while creating a unified and gender-responsive approach when addressing this issue on a global scale. These offences have penalties as high as life imprisonment in certain circumstances. Further, instances of human trafficking in Canada have been rising steadily since 2010, according to Statistics Canada. This includes Public Safety Canada, Global Affairs Canada, Women and Gender Equality Canada, the Department of Justice Canada, Indigenous Services Canada, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Employment and Social Development Canada, Public Services and Procurement Canada, Financial Transactions and Reports Analysis Centre of Canada, the Canada Border Services Agency, and Statistics Canada, among others. For example, in 2018-19, the Government provided $4.31 million over 3 years to support the Cross-border crimes against Women and Girls in the Northern Triangle project, which aims to strengthen the capacity of justice actors working in state institutions specializing in the criminal law enforcement of cross-border crimes, including human trafficking, against women, girls and other vulnerable people. Traffickers target First Nations youth in this way, by waiting outside shelters and nearby bus stops. Canada also has an active role in regional and multilateral forums such as the United Nations, the Organization of American States, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the Regional Conference on Migration, the Bali Process on People Smuggling, Trafficking in Persons and Related Transnational Crime, and the G20 and G7, where Canada shares best practices and strategies to combat trafficking in persons and promotes the use of international legal instruments. “These are the intergenerational effects of residential schools, [basically] colonialism passed on through generations,” she told IPS. Moving Forward Canada has been identified as both a transit and a destination point for human trafficking, with 531 human trafficking specific charges laid between 2005 and 2018. Actions will be taken to strengthen the knowledge of law enforcement and prosecutors on the scope, scale and sensitivities around human trafficking to better identify cases and enhance consistency in prosecution. Coupled with previous funding announcements, the total investment is now $75-million. While incidents of human trafficking in Nova Scotia accounted for 6% of the incidents reported nationally over the eight-year period, the rate reported in the province in 2016 (2.1 per 100,000) was the highest recorded among the provinces and territories. Canada. For more information about the Canadian Human Trafficking Hotline, visit: https://www.canadianhumantraffickinghotline.ca/. The National Strategywill provide enhanced support services to victims and survivors that are trauma-informed and culturally relevant and address some of the root causes of exploitation, such as poverty, sexism and rac… To date, FINTRAC has been able to provide over 500 disclosures of actionable financial intelligence to Canada’s municipal, provincial and federal police forces in support of their human trafficking investigations. This analysis is based on data from the Incident-based Uniform Crime Survey Trend Database (2009 to 2016) which covers 99% of the population in Canada. Bruder added that social media sites such as Facebook, Snapchat, and MeetMe are new recruiting grounds for traffickers. Within Canada, and among international partners, there is also an increased concern with the use of technology to facilitate human trafficking. Both Nagy and Bruder state that there is too much of a focus on law enforcement to deal with this issue, and not enough on preventative measures and reforming services in vulnerable communities. Recognizing how traffickers leverage technology can enhance investigative efforts, assist in detecting criminal activity, and potentially create grounds for prosecution. The Canadian Human Trafficking Hotline is a confidential, multilingual service, operating 24/7 to connect victims and survivors with social services, law enforcement, and emergency services, as well as receive tips from the public. “The child welfare system is a trafficker’s Costco,” Nagy told IPS. For example, regions may differ with respect to the presence or absence of training programs or expertise in the detection of human trafficking. UNITED NATIONS, New York July 30, 2019 (IPS) — Human trafficking for sexual exploitation has been steadily increasing in Canada. “The focus needs to be on accessible services for Indigenous women and girls, with Indigenous-led community services,” Finestone said. Building on current government efforts and listening to those most affected by this crime, Canada’s new five-year National Strategy to Combat Human Trafficking (National Strategy)will help better protect Canada and individuals from all forms of human trafficking and the harms associated with the crime. While no individual is immune from falling victim to human trafficking, vulnerable populations, such as Indigenous women and girls, are at higher risk. The Government has also coordinated with international partners to better prevent and counter this crime. Ena Cord, the chair of the Human Trafficking Committee with the National Council of Jewish Women of Canada, Toronto, has organized a panel discussion to heighten awareness on the issue. Together, these measures respond to what I have heard first hand from victims and survivors of human trafficking and those that provide support services. This includes: providing training to government officials, including border officials, consulate officials, and law enforcement; launching targeted public awareness campaigns and initiatives to better inform Canadians and those most at-risk of being trafficked of the signs of human trafficking; and providing grants and contributions funding to organizations to help victims and survivors gain access to the support services they need. The CCJS noted that in 2017 there were a total of 375 police-reported incidents involving trafficking in persons. Human trafficking is a serious crime. It is important to note that regional differences in the prevalence of police-reported human trafficking can be influenced by many factors. Infographic: Forced Labour Happens in Canada. A supply chain refers to the network created among different worldwide companies producing, handling, and distributing specific goods and/or products. Thu., Feb. 28, 2019 timer 1 min. “Had there been someone to talk to, or if I had guidance, maybe I wouldn’t have left home. Withholding or Destroying a Person's Identity Documents (for example, a passport) for the purpose of committing or facilitating trafficking of that person - Child Victim (subsection 279.03(2)) which carries a maximum penalty of 10 years imprisonment and a mandatory minimum penalty of 1 year. The Canadian Centre to End Human Trafficking commends those who are recognizing this day, advocating on behalf of victims and survivors and taking necessary actions to end this human rights abuse. Project SECLUSION — Human Trafficking in Canada — Unclassified 1 Executive Summary Project SECLUSION was prepared for the Immigration and Passport Branch as a national overview of human trafficking activities in an effort to identify the extent of organized crime involvement, transnational associations, source countries, as well as issues and challenges faced by law enforcement. Palermo Protocol, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in November 2000. Wed, Aug 07, 2019 . 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According to the CCJS, 95% of identified human trafficking victims between 2009 and 2016 were women and girls. Beginning in 2018-19, Canada invested $3.4 million over two years to establish, on a pilot basis, a migrant worker support network for temporary foreign workers dealing with potential mistreatment or abuse. As the Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness, and on behalf of partners across the federal government, I am pleased to present the National Strategy to Combat Human Trafficking (National Strategy). The Government will also encourage industry partners to act ethically by implementing changes in their supply chains to prevent and reduce the risk of forced labour in government procurement supply chains. These include measures to: increase public awareness, education, and capacity-building to prevent the victimization of vulnerable and marginalized populations; strengthen the ability to identify and protect victims of human trafficking; improve criminal justice system experiences for victims and survivors; and improve domestic and international partnerships to bolster our collective response. Once women are trafficked, pimps typically enforce a debt trap, telling girls and women that they need to pay off their debt to them for things like entering the country or paying for motels. Human trafficking needn’t involve physically moving anyone anywhere. In addition, an offence under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act which targets international cross-border trafficking (s. 118) is included. Furthermore, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), which conducted administrative investigations of potential human trafficking cases among immigration and refugee cases, initiated 20 new large-scale investigations involving allegations of human trafficking in 2019. It is a crime that is highly gendered, with root causes of exploitation, including a lack of education, social supports and employment opportunities, compounded by poverty, sexism, racism, and wage inequality. In Canada, a 2013 RCMP study reported the victims of all domestic sex trafficking cases prosecuted in Canada between 2007 and 2013 have been female. Through further work internationally, Canada has implemented capacity-building initiatives to support countries that require assistance in their own efforts to fight transnational organized crime, including human trafficking. The National Strategy is a flexible framework that guides federal efforts towards combatting human trafficking. As this crime affects virtually all countries across the world, international cooperation is also key in sharing and implementing best practices and lessons learned. Your email address will not be published. Is voluntary – the person involved chooses to be smuggled and has made an agreement with another person or group of people. 85-005-X. Provinces and territories provide services such as health and social services, emergency housing, and legal aid to victims and survivors and in some cases have established their own local strategies and action plans to address human trafficking in their jurisdictions. UNITED NATIONS, New York July 30, 2019 (IPS) — Human trafficking for sexual exploitation has been steadily increasing in Canada. By The Canadian Press. These methods often include intimidation, false work pretenses, or a technique in which the trafficker pretends to be romantically interested in their potential victim. Always involves a person illegally crossing over an international border. The RCMP’s HTNCC priorities include developing tools, protocols and guidelines to facilitate human trafficking investigations and coordinate national awareness, training and anti-trafficking initiatives. It involves the recruiting, holding and controlling of a person to exploit (take unfair advantage of) that person.1It is sometimes referred to as “modern-day slavery.” Throughout Canada, women, children and men are trafficked into a wide range of economic sectors, most commonly the sex and entertainment industries, agricultural work, construction, and domestic work. She hopes a study her agency aims to complete by the end of 2019 will start to change that. Project PROTECT, as the first of its kind in the world, launched in 2016, has garnered significant international interest and is a leading example of how working with the private sector to address human trafficking can be successful. 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